Myocarditis

myocarditis

What is myocarditis?

Myocarditis. Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle. This illustration shows normal heart muscle compared to damaged heart muscle due to inflammation. Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle (myocardium). Myocarditis can affect your heart muscle and your hearts electrical system, reducing your hearts ability to pump ...

What happens if myocarditis is not treated?

Severe myocarditis can permanently damage your heart muscle, possibly causing: Heart failure. Untreated, myocarditis can damage your hearts muscle so that it cant pump blood effectively. In severe cases, myocarditis-related heart failure may require a ventricular assist device or a heart transplant.

What to do for myocarditis?

Myocarditis 1 Diagnosis. Early diagnosis is key to preventing long-term heart damage. 2 Treatment. In many cases, myocarditis improves on its own or with treatment,... 3 Clinical trials. Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments,... 4 Lifestyle and home remedies. Rest and reducing the workload on your heart is an important part...

How is myocarditis diagnosed?

Myocarditis is most often due to a viral infection. Other causes include bacterial infections, certain medications, toxins and autoimmune disorders. A diagnosis may be supported by an electrocardiogram (ECG), increased troponin, heart MRI, and occasionally a heart biopsy.

What is myocarditis (myocardium inflammation)?

Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle. This illustration shows normal heart muscle compared to damaged heart muscle due to inflammation. Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle (myocardium).

What is the difference between myocarditis and pericarditis?

Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle, and pericarditis is inflammation of the outer lining of the heart. In both cases, the body’s immune system causes inflammation in response to an infection or some other trigger. Learn more about myocarditis and pericarditis.

What is the history of myocarditis?

The initial descriptions of the condition are from the mid-1800s. The signs and symptoms associated with myocarditis are varied, and relate either to the actual inflammation of the myocardium or to the weakness and dysfunction of the heart muscle that is secondary to the inflammation.

What are the possible complications of myocarditis?

Possible Complications. If left untreated, myocarditis may lead to symptoms of heart failure, where your heart has trouble pumping blood the way it should. In rare cases, it leads to other problems, such as: Cardiomyopathy : The heart muscle weakens or the structure of the heart muscle changes. Pericarditis : Inflammation...

How is moderate to severe myocarditis treated?

The most common way that moderate-to-severe myocarditis is treated is with steroids and medications that are used to treat heart damage and heart failure. Medications that can be prescribed for myocarditis include: Digoxin, which helps to prevent heart failure.

What happens if myocarditis is not treated?

Severe myocarditis can permanently damage your heart muscle, possibly causing: Heart failure. Untreated, myocarditis can damage your hearts muscle so that it cant pump blood effectively. In severe cases, myocarditis-related heart failure may require a ventricular assist device or a heart transplant.

What kind of surgery do you need for myocarditis?

If your myocarditis led to heart failure or an abnormal heart rhythm and your case is serious, you may need surgery to implant: LVAD ( Left ventricular assist device).

What is myocarditis and what are the symptoms?

Myocarditis is a disease marked by inflammation and damage of the heart muscle. Symptoms don’t always occur, but can include those similar to a heart attack such as chest pains, trouble breathing and heart palpitations. Myocarditis can increase the risk for scar tissue developing on the heart, a heart attack, heart failure or stroke.

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